A Brief History of the Irish in Minnesota


1839

The system of an Irish-born sergeant, John Hays, washes up in the Mississippi—St. Paul’s very first recorded murder. Henry Sibley, then justice of the peace, arrests yet another Irishman, Edward Phelan, a violent Fort Snelling army buddy. But he dodges conviction.


1861

After emigrating with his mothers and fathers from Kilkenny in 1852, John Ireland turns into ordained in St. Paul and serves as chaplain in the Civil War with the Fifth Minnesota, a primarily Irish regiment.


1867

James J. Hill marries Mary Theresa Mehegan, a devout Irish Catholic who went to faculty with John Ireland’s sisters. The Protestant railroad baron demonstrates a choice for selecting Irish contractors even though setting up his Great Northern line.


1881 

Bishop Ireland settles countless numbers of Irish on land together the Great Northern. But when a colony of 24 Gaelic-speaking people at Graceville operates into the wintergeddon of ’80-81,

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